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Journal Vol. XIII (LXXV) - No. 1/2023

Unraveling the intricacies: human psychology and artificial intelligence

The convergence of human psychology and artificial intelligence (AI) has brought about a paradigm shift in our understanding of the human mind and the potential of machines. As AI continues to advance, it becomes imperative to explore the intricate relationship between these two realms. This editorial delves into the fascinating interplay between human psychology and AI, shedding light on the challenges, opportunities, and ethical considerations that arise from their interaction.
Human psychology encompasses a vast array of cognitive processes, emotions, and behaviors that shape our thoughts and actions. The study of the mind and behavior has been the cornerstone of AI development. Early pioneers sought to replicate human cognition through symbolic AI, laying the groundwork for future systems that would be capable of problem-solving, decision-making, and even learning. Today, with the rise of machine learning and deep neural networks, AI has transcended these initial efforts and can now mimic certain aspects of human intelligence more convincingly. It is a complex web of intricate connections between the conscious and subconscious mind, influenced by biological, environmental, and sociocultural factors. The study of human psychology seeks to unravel these complexities and gain insights into why we think, feel, and behave the way we do.
Artificial intelligence, on the other hand, is a field of computer science that aims to develop machines capable of performing tasks that would typically require human intelligence. From machine learning to natural language processing, AI has made significant strides in recent years, enabling machines to learn, reason, and make decisions in ways that were once considered solely within the human domain.

Online curricula - students’ perception on the quality of digital tools (the online course and the educational websites)
Sofia Loredana Tudor, Claudiu Langa, Adriana Nicoleta Lazăr
University of Pitești, Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Psychology, 11 Targu din Vale street, Pitești, 110440, Romania
During the last year, due to the evolution of the global pandemic, the educational system has been reorganized, and e-learning, with its adjacent forms of development, has been explored as the main means of organizing the educational process.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the digital curriculum from the perspective of integrating digital tools in the educational process at university level, while investigating two categories of online learning content /media - the online course and the educational website, all accessed by educational users (teachers and students in all academic specializations).
Keywords: e-learning; m-learning; u-learning; online curricula; digital tools

Learning from Twitch streamers’ experience for better online live lessons
Irina-Miruna Radu
Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania
The COVID-19 pandemic took everyone by surprise and changes were needed in the life of humans in order to continue living in a safe environment. The systems had to adapt, innovate and evolve. And, as expected, there were lots of problems that occurred with the changes.
Taking a closer look at the problems distance learning faced when the switch to an online environment happened it was clear that some improvements were required. This paper proposed the identification of methods that work for streamers in keeping online viewers engaged and that could easily be borrowed by teachers. Results showed that engagement methods like building a community, fostering interactions, the usage of an avatar, or defining commands, can be easily borrowed and help educators to captivate the pupils and transform them into active participants, increasing the attention spam rate and the rate of success of online lessons.
Keywords: e-learning; live streaming; human interaction; teaching methods

Preschool environmental education: a systematic review
Andreea A. Marin , Alina S. Rusu
Babeș-Bolyai University, Doctoral School “Education, Reflection, Development”, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Animal Sciences and Biotechnologies, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Preschool it is the optimal time to introduce environmental education in order to form positive behaviors of preschoolers regarding the environment. A systematic literature review of studies published from the last two decades was carried out, by using the following combinations of search keywords "environmental education programs in preschoolers", "ecological culture in kindergartens", "ecological attitudes and knowledge in preschoolers". A number of 273 studies were initially identified. Among these, 8 scientific studies fulfilled the criteria. The results showed that the educational programs were efficient in terms of increasing the following variables: awareness towards the existence of specific components of the environment, towards the current environmental problems and the level of procedural knowledge regarding the capacity of the preschoolers to find solutions to solve environmental problems.
Keywords: environmental education; kindergartens; preschools; systematic review

Navigating the STEM jungle of professionals: unlocking critical competencies through Emotional Intelligence
Cristina Tripon
Teacher Training and Social Sciences Department. University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest,Bucharest Romania
Emotional intelligence plays an important role in all the factors that influence the efficiency of a person or organization: relationships with the boss, uncertainty, decision making, motivation and job satisfaction, keeping talented people in the organization, teamwork, quality of work.
In the STEM field, professionals need emotional intelligence to meet the challenges, to use the technical skills at a high level of professionalism. In this regard, especially after the blockages during the COVID-19 pandemic, emotional intelligence is a real need for development. The research underlines the importance of emotional intelligence in the STEM fields.
The development of emotional intelligence helps people to calm down or even remove anxiety, to realize their feelings, to develop empathy, to know how to express their feelings, which leads to the development of the ability to understand and act, intelligent in interpersonal relationships, thus avoiding any attempt at manipulation by others. This is even more valuable for young people studying in the STEM fields because they are forced to cope with the daily changes in the field, to adapt extremely quickly to meet the demands of the changing labor market, but more chosen for productivity and efficiency. We assume that people with a high ability to influence have a high emotional intelligence, manifested by a high degree of emotion regulation, high empathic ability, high emotion control, proper use of them and skills in perceiving and expressing emotions, hypothesis confirmed.
Keywords: STEM professionals; emotional intelligence; influence; manipulation; leadership.

Bullying in the school environment: a case study from Albania
Lorenc Barjami, Edvaldo Begotaraj
Meleq Gosnishti, 9- year elementary school, Permet 6401, Albania
Logos University College, Tirane, 1001, Albania
This study aims to shed light on female and male students’ attitudes in ninth grade towards bullying cases in the school environment. From the methodology point of view, this is quantitative research. For the purposes of the study, it was used a questionnaire to evaluate female and male students ‘attitudes toward bullying. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences was implemented for the data analysis. ANOVA analysis showed that there is no statistically significant difference between female and male students ‘attitudes in ninth grade towards bullying cases in the school environment.
Keywords: school; bullying; female and male student attitudes; gender differences

Bullying roles intensity, psychosocial challenges and adjustment strategies of in-school adolescents in Kwara State
Mustapha Mulikat Ladi Abdulqadira
University of Ilorin, Faculty of Education, Department of Counsellor Education, Ilorin, P.M. B. 1515, Nigeria
It has been established that bullying behaviour is a major threat that no school can dismiss. The level at which bullying behaviour is perpetrated or experienced has not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to examine bullying roles intensity, psycho-social challenges and adjustment strategies of in-school adolescents in Kwara State, Nigeria through survey of opinions. The population of the study comprised of 223,893 in-school adolescents in Kwara State while 400 in-school adolescents constituted a sample for this study. The result revealed moderate and low level of intensity of bullying perpetration and experience. Also, in-school adolescents who were victims experienced more of psychological and social challenges than those involved in other bullying roles. Recommendations were made based on the results of the findings.
Keywords: bullying Roles; intensity level; psycho-social challenges; adjustment strategies; in-school adolescents

An assessment of factors underlying adaptive behavior in adolescents at private schools in Omdurman locality
Ibrahim Abdelrahim Ibrahim Humaida
Faculty of Arts - Psychology Department OIU, Omdurman, Sudan
This research aimed at assessing factors affecting the level of adaptive behavior among adolescents at private secondary schools in Omdurman locality. To achieve that aim, the descriptive qualitative approach was adopted, the sample consisted of (100) males were selected purposively from private secondary schools at El fatehab area. The instrument was a questionnaire measuring adaptive behavior designed by the researcher, and it was both reliable and valid. Statistical tests from (SPSS) were accordingly employed such as: one-sample t-test, qui-square, and Alpha Cronbach formula. The results yielded that adolescents at private secondary schools in Omdurman were characterized with high level of adaptive behavior, in addition to there was significant relationship found between stable home and adaptive behavior of adolescents. These results were discussed, and this research was concluded by recommendations and suggestions for further studies.
Keywords: adaptive behavior; adolescents; private; secondary schools

Systematic literature review on the dimensions and assessment of teacher-student relationship in higher education
Alexandra Irena Puțaru, Alina Simona Rusu
Babes-Bolyai University, Doctoral School Education, Reflection, Development, Sindicatelor 7 Street, 400029, Cluj-Napoca, Romania bUniversity of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Animal Sciences and Biotechnologies, Calea Mănăștur Street, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Teacher-student relationship (TSR) is a component of the interpersonal human relationships category, that can have positive and negative psycho-social effects on both sides. The aim of this study is to perform a systematic review of the literature in order to identify the most prevalent dimensions that characterize teacher-student relationships in Higher Education from the perspective of students and the instruments used to assess these dimensions. The systematic analysis targeted the following variables: the number of participants, age range, the type of the study, purpose of the study, the dimensions of the TSR and the instruments used to assess them. The analysis allowed the identification of four common dimensions of the TSR: teachers’ knowledge regarding the subject taught and the way that they develop their activities in class, the interpersonal qualities of the teachers, the management abilities and guidance offered to students, and other personal aspects, such as enthusiasm and flexibility.
Keywords: teacher-student relationship; dimensions of TSR; higher education; students’ perspective

Anger and shyness as predictors of internet addiction among adolescents
Gülşen Büyükşahin Çevik
Faculty of Education, Guidance and Psychological Counseling, Adıyaman University, Turkey
The present study aimed to determine the prediction level of internet dependency in adolescents by anger and shyness. The study was conducted based on the correlational design method. The study participants included high school students in Adıyaman province, located in the Southeastern Anatolia Region in Turkey. The study group included 343 students (age=15.72; Sd=.86; range=14-17; 184 female [53.6%] and 159 male [46.4%]). Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the study data. IBM SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the study data. The findings demonstrated that the increase in internet addiction score, increased trait anger, anger control, and shyness scores, while the decrease in internet addiction score, increased anger control and anger-out scores. Furthermore, the anger-in and “anger control” sub-dimensions of the STAI scale and shyness predicted internet addiction. Thus, it could be suggested that anger and shyness effectively explained the variation in internet addiction.
Keywords: anger; shyness; internet addiction

Sharing the shame: a conceptual model for therapeutic shame-release
Ksenia Kogan, Metoka Welch
Southern New Hampshire University, Clinical Mental Health Counseling Department, 55 South Commercial St, Manchester, NH 03101
Studies on shame, which is characterized as an intense, internal negative feeling (Crowder & Kemmelmeier, 2018; Hallman, Yarhouse & Suárez, 2018) are found across academic disciplines. Researchers have associated shame with psychological disturbances (Dunford & Granger, 2017; Gruenewald, Kemeny, Aziz & Fahey, 2004; Johnson & Yarhouse, 2013), emotional suffering (Johnson, 2006), high-risk suicidality (Tangney & Dearing, 2011) and non-suicidal self-injury (Mahtani, Hasking & Melvin, 2019). Researchers have linked overcoming shame with increased feelings of self-worth and belongingness (Greenberg & Iwakabe, 2011; Johnson, 2006). The authors of this article review existing literature on shame and provide a conceptual model for shame-release as cathartic strategies and interventions aimed at reducing the symptomatology associated with feelings of shame (Johnson, 2006; Namka, 1995). Recommendations for future studies in counselor education, where there is a need for more research on this topic, are also included.
Keywords: shame; shame-release; catharsis; guilt; shame model; counselor education

Temperamental characteristics of pre-teens at risk of early school leaving
Radu Predoiu, Florin Pelin, Georgeta Mitrache, Corina Ciolcă, Dan Badea, Laurențiu Ticală, Marius Stoicescu, Alexandra Predoiu
National University of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, 060057, Romania
School dropout represents a serious problem, being seen as a violation of moral norms. The aims of the investigation were to identify the temperament of pre-teens at risk of school dropout, and also to emphasize differences in temperament considering type of vulnerability. A sample of 302 pre-teens (158 boys and 144 girls), at risk of dropping out of school, took part in the study. The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire - revised form (EATQ-R), calibrated for the Romanian population, has been used, measuring eleven temperament scales and two behavioral scales. First, the results for the thirteen scales were presented (at group level). With respect to the description of the evaluated constructs of EATQ-R it was underlined the importance of specialists to increase, in the case of pre-teens at risk of early school leaving: Activation level and Attention, and to decrease: Frustration, Fear, Aggression and Depressive Mood. Through single-factor multivariate analysis of variances, the types of vulnerabilities were compared (socially assisted students vs. students in which case a parent is working abroad vs. preadolescents from single-parent family vs. Roma people - socially assisted), from the point of view of the temperament and behavioral scales. The current research provides valuable data for specialists and parents, in order to positively influence preadolescents’ educational and social integration, knowing where to intervene (separately, for each type of vulnerability), in terms of temperamental characteristics.
Keywords: temperament; school dropout; preadolescents

The psychometric properties of the short scale of creative self in a sample of Romanian students
Beatrice Adriana Balgiu
University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, România
The aim of the present article is to validate the Short Scale of Creative Self (SSCS), built by measuring Creative Self-concept made of Creative Self-efficacy – CSE (the individual’s belief about his/her own ability to solve a problem that requires creative thinking and functioning) and Creative Personal Identity – CPI (the importance of creativity for self-identity).The participants are 440 Romanian students (198 females) with a mean age of 19.04 (S.D.=0.93).The statistical strategies consisted in confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), correlational and descriptive analyses. The CFA showed an adequate fit of a two-factor model, from which item 6 was deleted due to the low factor loading (χ²/df=3.14; CFI=0.96; RMSEA=0.070; SRMR=0.039). The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the two scales highlights acceptable and good internal consistency, respectively: 0.74 for CSE and 0.84 for CPI. In order to measure the convergent validity, we used instruments for the assessment of curiosity and of the Big Five personality traits. Both CSE and CPI converged with curiosity and its dimensions, stretching and embracing. As for the relation with the Big Five personality traits, CSE converged with Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness, and CPI converged with Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness and Openness. On the whole, we can conclude that SSCS has good psychometric properties in the students’ case.
Keywords: creative self-concept; creative self-efficacy; creative personal identity; psychometric properties.

Application of strobe training as motor-cognitive strategy in sport climbing
Antonia Ioana Vasile, Monica Stănescu
National University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania
Strobe training is a form of cognitive-motor training where the vision is impaired intermittently. The athlete has to use more effectively the limited visual stimuli that he receives or increase the influence from other analyzers. The study was conducted on 9 advanced youth climbers. They performed 6 training sessions wearing strobe glasses. After every training lesson, a feedback questionnaire was applied. They suggested that strobe training would increase: attention, memory, visualization, choosing an optimal ascending speed, body placement, sensory reorientation on proprioception, central and peripheral vision and intersegmental coordination. Among the disadvantages of this training method, athletes have identified: mental fatigue and dizziness. Despite the lack of previous knowledge about the effects of strobe training, they reported similar effects as scientific research.
Keywords: strobe glasses; cognitive training; advanced climbers; climbing performance; sensorial reorientation

The consequences of childhood sexual abuse on body-centered behaviors - review
Gabriela Mirela Ancuța, Alexandra Nicoleta Lăzărescu
Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Craiova, Romania
This article aims to review the main studies on this topic, with a focus on childhood sexual abuse and its consequences on the victims' body-centered behaviors. The long-term effects of sexual abuse are varied and complex, and are often devastating to the victim, especially the younger the age at which the event occurred. It is important to note, however, that there are differences between causation and correlation. Abuse is a non-specific factor, capable of generating a series of psychiatric problems, not just body-centered disorders. Starting from the specialized literature, we will try to identify which is the ratio that defines the link between the two.
Keywords: anorexia; sexual abuse; external reality; social interactions; body dismorphic disorder

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