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Journal Vol. XI (LXXIII) - No. 2/2021

Editor’s note - Looking from the future
Cristian Vasile
Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti, Bd. Bucuresti, nr, 39, Ploiesti, 100680, Romania

Student's perceptions of ethics and academic integrity
Mihaela Suditu, Cristina Georgiana Safta
Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiești, Bvd. București, no. 39, 100680, Romania
This study aims to increase the degree of accountability of educational actors with respect to ethics and academic integrity, by determining the degree of knowledge and compliance with the rules governing ethical and academic conduct, identifying risk factors leading to violation of ethical rules and providing remedial control mechanisms. In this regard, we present a case study carried out with students of the five faculties of the Petroleum and Gas University of Ploiesti. The data are obtained via a questionnaire, analysed and presented tabularly and graphically and the results are explained analytically.
Keywords: ethics; academic integrity; academic conduct; accountability

Inter-organisational conflict resolution strategies at academic level
Claudiu Langa, Adriana Nicoleta Lazăr, Loredana Sofia Tudor
University of Pitești, Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Psychology, 11 Targu din Vale street, Pitești, 110440, Romania
In any educational institution, conflict is practically inevitable, which is why managers must be prepared at all times to react as early as possible, effectively reducing and resolving the school conflict having many benefits.
Thus, the future teachers need to have, in their panoply of professional competences, those skills aiming at managing conflicts in an educational environment to build an optimal climate for educational activities.
In order to resolve various conflict situations, it is necessary to choose the best resolution strategy, from several strategies dedicated to resolving organizational conflicts. The purpose of this study is to investigate conflict situations in schools, the causes of conflicts perceived by respondents, as well as
optimal strategies for resolving these conflicts.
Keywords: conflict; skills; conflict strategies; teachers; students

A comparative study on the adaptation of immigrant students among five European countries
Gülendam Akgül
Çankırı Karatekin University, Çankırı, 18100, Turkey
Research has shown that immigrant students experience several difficulties which influence their adaptation and academic achievement. This paper investigated the psychological well-being and social adaptation of immigrant students in different cultures from teachers' perspective. Participants were 119 teachers from different countries. They evaluated the language proficiency, adjustment level, and problem areas of their immigrant students and answered a questionnaire about their attitudes toward migration. The results showed that in general second-generation immigrant students had better language levels. Cross-country comparisons showed that there were not any differences in terms of problem areas, the student’s adjustment to school, and teachers’ attitudes toward migration. The language proficiency of immigrant students emerged as the only difference among countries. The results were discussed in terms of the implications for practice.
Keywords: immigrant students; teacher reports; school adaptation

Cultural factors related to the decision of music education career choice in Jewish and Arab students in Israel
Rona Poles Cahn, Alina S. Rusu
Doctoral School “Education, Reflection, Development”, Babes-Bolyai University, Sindicatelor 7 Street, 400029, Cluj-Napoca, Cluj, Romania
Department of Music Education, Levinsky College of Education, Tel Aviv, Israel
Faculty of Animal Sciences and Biotechnologies, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Calea Mănăștur Street, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
The decision to become a music educator can be influenced by the musical background of an individual, the cultural values, and by the perceived utilitarian value in terms of viable career option.
This study was conducted among Jewish and Arab music-education students in Israel. The aim was to identify aspects related to choosing a career in music, particularly culturally shaped attitudes and perceptions. Cultural differences were examined using the Cultural Attitudes toward Music Experience and Education (CAMEE) questionnaire. Participants were 50 Israeli Jewish and Arab students who were enrolled in music education programs. Findings showed culturally related differences between participants’ musical upbringing. The Jewish students reported that they listened mainly to Westernstyle genres, played Western-type instruments, and studied Western music theory. The Arab students listened mainly to Middle Eastern Arab-style genres, played mainly music instruments that enable playing Arab music, and studied Middle Eastern Arab music theory. The Jewish students reported more experience with music and instrumental playing than their Arab peers. Motivation for teaching music included educational and ideological components for both groups, with Arab students reporting a
higher level of utilitarian motivation.
Keywords: cultural affiliation; music education in Israel; family musical background.

Pedagogic technology of formation of readiness for selfdevelopment in students from the occupied territories and delimitation line in the east of Ukraine in conditions of temporarily displaced higher education institutions

Vitalii Kurylo, Iryna Trubavina, Olena Karaman, Viktoriia Stepanenko, Yaroslava Yurkiv
Luhansk Taras Shevchenko National University, 1 pl. Gogolia, Starobilsk 92703, Ukraine
National Academy of the National Guard of Ukraine, 3 maidan Zakhisnykiv Ukrainy, Kharkiv 61001, Ukraine
The topicality of the research is connected with the need to develop a technology of preparing students for learning for life, developing their professional self-development at a temporarily displaced higher education institution in conditions when students’ primary and basic needs are insufficiently satisfied.
The methods of the research included analysis, synthesis, comparing, systemizing, interviewing, pedagogic experiment, modelling, prognostication, mathematic statistics methods. The level of the analyzed phenomenon turned out much lower than that in students from the safety zone by the following parameters: self-management, gnostic, motivation, moral-and-will, and communicative components of readiness, conditions, mechanisms, and general level of self-development. The scientific novelty: the efficiency of such a technology was proved and justified, and its content was revealed.
Keywords: readiness for self-development; pedagogical technology; students of higher educational
institutions; temporarily displaced universitie

Does modality principle occur in the learning of C++ computer programming using screencasting?
Chin-Soon Cheah
Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Gelugor, Penang, Malaysia
This study examined whether the modality principle occurs or not in the learning of C++ computer programming using screencasting. According to Mayer and Clark (2011), the modality principle is defined as presenting words as speech rather than on-screen text is more effective in learning. In other words, the learning process will be more effective when information is explained by audio narrations rather than on-screen text. A true experimental pre-test and post-test research design was conducted to determine the modality effects. The experiment consisted of 65 first-year undergraduate students (aged 19-22) who have never attended any formal computer programming course prior to the study. The sample were randomly assigned to two groups: the first group received the screencasting and narration (SN) mode whereas the second group received the screencasting, text, and narration (STN) mode. After that, pre-test was conducted to ascertain their score before being exposed to the treatments. The pre-test results were used as covariate in the two-way ANCOVA analysis. Results showed that the SN mode students outperformed the STN mode students in the post-test. The significant outcome of the result might be due to the effectiveness of the SN mode that supported the Modality Principle.
Keywords: screencasting; modality principle; multimedia principle: C++ computer programming

A qualitative investigation of parental attitudes and needs for sexual health education for children with autism in Romania
Roland H. Gergely, Alina S. Rusu
Doctoral School “Education, Reflection, Development”, Babes-Bolyai University, Sindicatelor 7 Street, 400029, Cluj-Napoca, Cluj, Romania
Faculty of Animal Sciences and Biotechnologies, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Calea Mănăștur Street, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Parents play an important role as primary educators in the sexual education of children diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). This current study investigates by using a qualitative approach the attitudes and needs of parents regarding the sexual health education (SHE) of their ASD children. A sample of N=19 parents with ASD children and adolescents was included in the study. Data were collected with an online questionnaire (with 11 items referring to aspects of sexual health education).

The answers were analyzed by performing qualitative content analysis. The results indicate that most of the parents are open towards sexual health education for their ASD children starting at 8-12 years and, if possible, embedded in therapeutic programs. Parents expressed that they encounter difficulties regarding the communication and recognition of signs of interests of their children towards sexuality. The majority of parents expressed willingness towards participation to parental SHE programs.
Keywords: sexual health education; autistic spectrum disorder; parental attitudes and needs

Academic optimism of teachers, school engagement and educational aspirations of students from private and government schools
Shariqua Ahmed, Ritika Matta, Nandini Sanyal, Swati Agarwal
Department of Psychology, St. Francis College for Women, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500016, India
This study aims to identify differences in private and government (public) schools concerning academic optimism of teachers and school engagement and aspirations among students. It aims to provide insight into the ability of teachers to influence engagement and aspirations among students by facilitating an environment conducive to academic engagement. Results indicate a difference between students of private and government schools in engagement and educational aspirations. Regression analysis explores the impact of academic optimism on certain aspects of school engagement while also highlighting a relationship between engagement and aspirations among students. Results indicate a need to look at teacher’s academic optimism as a way of optimizing student ambition through active classroom instruction and various academic support networks.
Keywords: academic optimism; school engagement; educational aspirations; teachers; students

Inspiration, meaning in life and gratitude as predictors of subjective well-being in the case of a group of students
Beatrice Adriana Balgiu, Ruxandra Sfeatcu
University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, România
“Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, România
The aim of the present study is to determine the prediction level of gratitude, meaning in life, and inspiration on Subjective Well-being (SWB). 325 undergraduates (149 males and 176 females) with Mage=19,29 (S.D.=1,40) participated in the study. In order to measure the respective concepts, we used the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE), the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ), the Inspiration Scale (IS), and Single-item measures for life satisfaction and gratitude. The study used descriptive, correlational, and regression analyses. The results of the regression analyses showed that gratitude accounts for most of the SWB variance. The presence of meaning affects SWB positively, while the search for meaning is a negative predictor of SWB. Inspiration frequency is one of the weak predictors of SWB, while inspiration intensity is not a significant predictor of SWB. The results are discussed within the context of the existing literature.
Keywords: subjective well-being; gratitude; inspiration; meaning in life


Effects of playing Go for education and psychological treatment
Marc Oliver Rieger, Mei Wang
University of Trier, Research Cluster “Cultures in Transitions in East Asia and Europe”, Universitätsring 15, 54296 Trier, Germany
WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Burgplatz 2, 56179 Vallendar, Germany
The ancient board game Go is traditionally used as educational tool in East Asian countries. Recently, neurobiological and psychological evidence has been found on the effects of Go playing regarding various intellectual and emotional factors. In this survey, we summarize these results and develop a coherent picture of the value that Go can add to education, as well as to psychological treatment. We will also briefly highlight what makes Go special as compared to other commonly played board games.
Keywords: strategic board games; Go; weiqi; baduk; brain development; intelligence; emotion; personality; attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD).

Investigation of the relationship between dating anxiety, selfesteem and social connectedness in emerging adults
Alexandra Irena Puțaru, Alina Simona Rusu
Doctoral School “Education, Reflection, Development”, Babes-Bolyai University, Sindicatelor 7 Street, 400029, Cluj-Napoca, Cluj, Romania
Faculty of Animal Sciences and Biotechnologies, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Calea Mănăștur Street, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
This paper investigates the relationship between dating anxiety (DA), self-esteem (SE) and social connectedness (SC), particularly the degree in which self-esteem and social connectedness can be considered predictors of dating anxiety, as well as the differences and similarities between participants regarding the three concepts (dating anxiety, self-esteem and social connectedness) based on their age, gender and the relational status. The sample consisted in 200 participants young adults (from several counties in Romania), aged 18-30 years old. Data were collected online by three instruments regarding DA, SE, and SC. The quantitative analysis of the results indicates positive and statistically significant correlations between SE and SC, negative correlations between DA and SE and between DA and SC.
The results are discussed by reffering to previous data in the literature and from the perspective of their applied values in relation to the wellbeing of young adults involved (or trying to be involved) in romantic relationships.
Keywords: dating anxiety; social connectedness; young adults; self-esteem

The prediction of university adjustment in Turkish late adolescents through Five Factor Personality dimensions
Sevda Aslan
Kırıkkale University Department of Educational Sciences, Kırıkkale and 71450, Turkey
The aim of this study was to to analyze the relationship between the big five personality traits and adjustment to university by examining the extent to which the self-assessment of Turkish adolescents personality traits predict their adjustment to university. The study group consisted of 168 students: 101 females and 67 males. The study data was collected using The Adjustment to University Life Scale and the Adjective-Based Personality Test (ABPT). The findings of this study revealed that personal adjustment and academic adjustment predicts emotional instability/neuroticism and conscientiousness in a meaningful way. Also, social adjustment predicts agreeableness in a meaningful way. A number of recommendations were then presented based on our study’s findings.
Keywords: university adjustment; big five; late adolescent; prediction

Stress and burnout for helping professionals. Counselors navigating the COVID pandemic
Andreea Szilagyi
University “Politehnica” Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, Sector 6, Bucharest, Romania
Helping professionals are givers by vocation, and this generous trait is abundantly displayed by their commitment and determination to support others. Caring for others is their central business, which many times, in the absence of a solid training and various types of professional support, might affect their capacity to regroup and heal.
This article addresses the most common sources of stress and burnout for helping professionals, with a special focus on counselors. Concepts like compassion fatigue and secondary traumatic stress are explored. The current pandemic is adding to those common stressors, making us consider the helping services from a different perspective. COVID Stress Syndrome is presented and potential implications for caregivers’ work are discussed. Special consideration is given to the counseling occupation in Romania.
Keywords: helping professionals; counselors; mental health; burnout; compassion fatigue; resilience; wellbeing; COVID-19; Romania

Japan – medical and psychological security approach under Covid-19 pandemic
Trifu Arina Cipriana, Luminiţa Roşca
International Relations and European Studies PhD program, Faculty of History and Philosophy, “Babeș-Bolyai” University, 400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Medical Military Institute, 3-5 Medical Military Institute Str., 010919 Bucharest, Romania
Health is not only a public good, but also a means of prosperity, and a strategically important goal in the policy of any state. In this article we discuss how Japan has dealt with epidemics over time, the evolution of the Japanese healthcare system especially related to patient safety and life expectancy, and the current confrontation with the Covid-19 pandemic, including the Covid-19 vaccination in a difficult and controversial global context.
Japan sparked imagination and curiosity long ago. It is interesting to follow the specific cultural approach, on the one hand tributary to extreme traditionalism, and on the other hand to modernization and technologization at the highest level visible especially in urban spaces applied in many Japanese fields of activity, including the health system.
Keywords: Japan; health; pandemic; Sars-cov 2; Covid 19; health safety; WHO

Psychodynamic interpretations in the symbolism of paraphrenized schizophrenia
Ana Miruna Drăgoi
Medicine PhD program, Faculty of General Medicine, “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 020021 Bucharest, Romania
“Alex. Obregia” Clinical Hospital for Psychiatry, 10 Berceni Str., 041914 Bucharest, Romania
This paper seeks to be a perspective of psychodynamic psychiatry, an attempt to explain the delirium of a patient with schizophrenia over 30 years old, who has lost his home, identity card and inner coherence of the Ego. He lives in a space - as real as it is symbolic - inside a psychiatric polyclinic and expresses his free consent to expose his personal perspective, an interpretive one on his own life, in which we glimpse fragments of former truths, through cosmogonic delirium. The paper also describes the countertransference reactions aroused in the participants in the working group, and, especially, the importance of unconsciously supporting such a patient with multiple hospitalizations in psychiatric departments, so as superimposed to the antipsychotic background he can be able to recompose his old personality.
Keywords: clinical psychology; schizophrenia; psychodynamic psychiatry; symbols

Mediating role of emotion regulation processes in the relationship between cognitive flexibility and intolerance to uncertainty
Zeynep Akkuş Çutuk
Department of Educational Sciences, Trakya University, Turkey
This study aims to examine whether emotional regulation processes play a mediating role in the relationship between cognitive flexibility and intolerance to uncertainty among university students. The sample consisted of 378 participants aged from 18 to 45 years. Data were obtained using the Cognitive Flexibility Inventory (CFI), Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS), and Emotion Regulation Processes Scale (ERPS). Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the data. According to the results obtained from the research, emotion regulation processes have a partial mediating role in the relationship between cognitive flexibility and intolerance to uncertainty. The bootstrapping process also provided additional evidence that this partial mediation was significant. As a result, low cognitive flexibility negatively affects emotion regulation processes, resulting in low tolerance for uncertain situations.
Keywords: cognitive flexibility; intolerance to uncertainty; emotion regulation process


Eclectic psychotherapy and case formulation
Cristian Vasile
Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti, Bd. Bucuresti, nr, 39, Ploiesti, 100680, Romania
In the last two decades, the clinical efficacy of various psychotherapeutic schools has begun to be increasingly analyzed and discussed. Moreover, there have been additions to approaches that have already become classic or even new approaches in psychotherapy. In this context, integrative and/or systemic directions have been developed, which try to offer solutions on multiple levels at the individual and relational levels. Integrative psychotherapy attempts to put together various theoretical systems under a system that would be superordinate or metatheoretical. Synthetic psychotherapy tries to combine various approaches both technically and theoretically. Eclectic psychotherapy makes a selection of valid and useful methods and techniques from different approaches.
The eclectic approach in psychotherapy is part of this current, but also a necessity for streamlining interventions and working with clients.
Eclectic therapy in clinical practice is not a new direction, but we believe that especially therapists with rich experience in working with clients can successfully address it because it requires extensive and indepth knowledge of various methods and techniques from many approaches.
Keywords: eclectic psychotherapy; psychotherapy; efficacy; case formulation

The relationship between leisure constraints, technology addiction and life satisfaction: a study on Turkish university students
Emrah Serdar, Mehmet Demirel
Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Faculty of Sport Science, Istanbul, 34320, Turkey
Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty of Tourism, Meram/Konya,42090,Turkey
This study aimed to determine the relationship between leisure constraints, technology addictions and life satisfaction of university students. The sample of the study consisted of a total of 234 people who were studying at Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Sports Sciences. As a data collection tool, “Leisure Constraints Scale-Short Form (LCS-SF)”, “Technology Addiction Scale (TAS)” and "Life satisfaction Scale (LSS)" were used as a data collection tool. İndependent t-Test, ANOVA, MANOVA and Pearson Correlation analysis were used. According to MANOVA analysis, the main effect of gender and weekly leisure on LCS and TAS was significant. According to Pearson Correlation analysis, it was found that there was a positive and low relationship between the "Individual Psychology", "Lack of Friends", "Time" and "Lack of Interest" sub-dimensions of LCS and the subdimensions of "Social Network Addiction", "Instant Messaging Addiction" and "Web Site Addiction" of TAS. As a result, it can be said that the LCS, TAS and LSS scores differed according to the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, and as the leisure constraints of the individuals increased, their technology addiction also increased.
Keywords: leisure constraints; technology addiction; life satisfaction; university students

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