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Journal Vol. VI (LXVIII) - No. 2/2016

Ethical relationships in the teaching profession in Slovakia
Vasil Gluchman, Marta Gluchmanová
Institute of Ethics and Bioethics, University of Prešov, 17. Novembra 1, 080 78 Prešov, Slovakia
Department of Humanities, Technical University Košice, Byerova 1, 080 01 Prešov, Slovakia
Authors deal with theoretical and social contexts of the teaching profession as a starting point for empirical research into ethical relationships among Slovak primary and secondary school teachers. They surveyed the opinions of teachers at that level regarding their relationship with students, parents, colleagues and superiors. According to the research results, more than 80% of respondents positively rate the behaviour of teachers towards their students and parents from the viewpoint of realising ethical values, based on which they could be an ethical model for their students. The level of relationships among colleagues received a less optimistic rating. They were, however, much more critical in evaluating their superiors. Only approximately 60% of the members of school management could be an ethical model for other teachers.
Keywords: teachers; ethics; relationships; students; colleagues; parents; Slovakia

Testing feedback orientations: the case of Turkish prospective teachers
Sevilay Kilmen
Abant Izzet baysal Üniversitesi Egitim fakültesi Gölköy Bolu, 14280, Turkey
The aim of this study is to examine prospective teachers’ feedback orientations. Instructional feedback orientation has four aspects, namely utility, sensitivity, confidentiality and retention. The results show that while perceptions about usefulness of feedback are not related to perceptions feedback given in a private or public context. Students who found feedback useful keep feedback in mind better and they are less sensitive to feedback. Students who are more sensitive to feedback prefer confidentiality and they are not able to recall feedback better. The results of the MANOVA reveal that prospective teachers’ perceptions about feedback retention significantly differed in terms of gender. Female students are more able to recall feedback than male students. Another result of the study is that students who had taken measurement and evaluation courses showed higher mean feedback utility than the others.
Keywords: feedback; feedback orientations; utility of feedback; feedback sensitivity

How to improve my teaching style? Teaching business law through English-medium of instruction. Graduate and undergraduate student’s point of view
Silvia Lucia Cristea
Law Department-Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest
This paper aims to put forward the views of students and lecturers who take part in EMI teaching/learning processes in order to understand the perceived challenges and use that information to improve the quality of the Business Law module to be developed. Recent developments in EMI in other countries and academic contexts will be analyzed (for example, EMI in the Nordic countries) and a set of recommendations will be made. The mechanism of legal education in English will be then discussed, with particular reference to this process as it unfolds in the Bucharest University of Economic Studies. This action research–based study will highlight the importance of teachers’ self-perception adjusted to new approaches. What is more, initiating change in the teaching-learning context these academics operate in might be a justified conclusion and the main arguments to support or dismiss it will be presented.
Keywords: EMI teaching/learning processes; Business Law module; legal education in English

The dilemma of denial: acceptance and individual coping among patients with chronic kidney diseases
Angelo Gagani, Janice Gemao, Dennis Relojo, Sonia Janice Pilao
University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines
Centro Escolar University, Manila, Philippines
St Paul College, Pasig City, Philippines
South Essex College, Essex, United Kingdom
While the continuing development of newer and more sophisticated medical techniques for evaluating the functions of kidney diseases, it is expected that patients would have a better survival rate, and consequently a more positive outlook. However, such is not always the case as some patients have demonstrated poor coping skills. The present study aimed to construct a test instrument to assess the stage of acceptance and denial among patients with chronic kidney disease to identify the degree of denial among patients as a basis for intervention. A total of 116 participants took part in the study. Six factors emerged from the study which characterised the aspects of denial and acceptance.
Keywords: acceptance; coping; kidney disease

Social interest and future-time orientation in romantic relationships
Melike Koçyigit, Melek Kalkan
EgeUniversity, Turkey
Ondokuz Mayis University, Turkey
This study investigates social interest and future time orientation in romantic relationships. The study was conducted among 239 students from the Ondokuz Mayis University in Turkey. Personal Information Form, Adlerian Social Interest Scale-Romantic Relationship Form and Future Time Orientation on Romantic Relationships Scale were employed in the collection of data. Simple linear regression was used for data analysis. Data analysis results reveal social interest in romantic relationships is a significant predictor of future-time orientation. Suggestions are made for further studies in the light of these findings.
Keywords: social interest; future time orientation; romantic relationships

Longitudinal relationships between workplace bullying, passive coping strategies and strain: testing three crosslagged mediation models
Teodora Maidaniuc-Chirila, Darren C. Treadway
Motivation, Self and Well-Being Research Center, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Psychology Department, Iasi, Romania
University at Buffalo, State University of New York. School of Management, Department of Organization and Human Resources, New York, United States of America
Rodriguez-Munoz, Moreno-Jimenez and Sanz-Vergel, (2015) stated that the relationship between workplace bullying and it’s effects on employees’ health can be better understood using longitudinal designs since is a long lasting phenomenon. Firstly, the study explores the cross-lagged correlations among workplace bullying, passive coping strategies and strain. Secondly, it tests three mediation models on a sample of 73 Romanian employees who completed the questionnaires in two different moments with a time lag of six months. The cross-lagged correlations showed that being intimidated determined the target to cope through denial and being exposed to person-related bullying determined the victim cope through mental and behavioral disengagement. According to the third mediation model, facing workplace bullying acts through passive coping strategies, increases strain.
Keywords: workplace bullying; victimization; passive coping strategies; strain; test-retest design

The operational diagnosis and the implicit contract of a patient with panic disorder. A case study
Iulia-Odette Dimitriu
Faculty of Psychology, Titu Maiorescu University, 187, Calea Vacaresti Street, Bucharest, 040051, Romania
Association of Hypnotherapy and Cognitive-Behavioural Psychotherapy, 1, Zizin Street, Bucharest, 031261, Romania
Resistance in therapy is defined differently among psychotherapists, according to their theoretical orientation. Eventually, resistance implies the unwillingness of the patient to change and grow during the therapeutic process. The question is whether this resistant behavior of the patient represents a negative sequence in the development of therapy. In the presented case study, I suggest that the resistance that appeared even since the beginning of the therapy may be associated with positive results. The key of the therapeutic success is establishing a correct operational diagnosis, as well as the implicit contract of the patient. The panic disorder disappeared and the patient learned to acquire a repertory of alternative responses to threats of abandonment. The therapeutic techniques used were cognitive, behavioral and experiential (Schema Therapy).
Keywords: panic attacks; operational diagnosis; implicit contract; Schema Therapy

Integrating effect of art and music therapy on depression in adolescents
Mansooreh Rahmani, Bahram Bakhtiari Saeed, Mojtaba Aghili
Young Researchers and Elite Club, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran
Department of Psychology, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran
Department of Psychology, Gorgan Payame Noor University, Gorgan, Iran
The present paper reports an investigation on integrating effect of art and music therapy in order to ameliorate depression in adolescents. Due to potential side effects of variety of anti-depressant medications on clients, especially children and adolescent, a great deal of attention has been paid to positive effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions to reduce symptoms of depression. A controlled clinical trial was performed with a sample of 24 depressed adolescents. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) were adopted for selection and assessment purposes. The adolescents were randomly assigned to two groups, i.e. control (n = 12) who received no intervention in the course of the study and music and art therapy (n = 12) who received seven 2-h sessions of art and music therapy. Art-therapy was performed by using painting tasks.Music therapy sessions were performed simultaneously with art therapy.The subjects were exposed to three music themes, i.e. exhilarating, sad, and strengthening. The results revealed that integrating art and music therapy could significantly decrease depression in the adolescents.
Keywords: adolescents; art therapy; depression; music therapy

Social cognition, experience and consciousness
Cristian Vasile
Petroleum – Gas University of Ploiesti, Bd. Bucuresti, 39, 100680, Ploiesti, Romania
From a neural view, there are studies suggesting that the consciousness is related especially to thalamus and brain stem, to early visual area, or to the prefrontal and parietal areas. The approach of conscious processing of stimuli via sensorial apparatus tries to solve the above mentioned contradictions introducing inter alia the preconscious state where the information is potentially accessible yet not accessed. There is a clear distinction between subliminal processing and preconscious processing. At the beginning of the 20th century some psychological approaches (Dewey, Vygotsky) started to discuss about the consciousness introducing time concepts (continuity and interaction), experience and social cognition concepts. According to these theories the consciousness arises under the influence of the social environment. The language acquisition has a major role in this process. As a result of these studies and opinions we propose an integrative view on consciousness emergence. The interference between experience, social cognition and brain functions could be the foundation of human consciousness.
Keywords: consciousness; social cognition; experience; brain

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