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Journal Vol. VIII (LXX) - No. 2/2018

BOOK REVIEW: Introducere într-o pedagogie a curajului, by Gabriel Albu
Venera-Mihaela Cojocariu
“Vasile Alecsandri” University of Bacau, Calea Mărăşeşti, nr. 157, Bacău, 600115, Romania


The book INTRODUCERE ÎNTR-O PEDAGOGIE A CURAJULUI / INTRODUCTION TO A PEDAGOGY OF COURAGE (Bucureşti, Editura Trei, 2017), offered with his well-known generosity and a constant effusion of the spirit by our colleague, Professor GABRIEL ALBU, is elaborated with the same remarkable passion with which the author has accustomed us for quite a number of years. It reiterates and synthesizes the author’s personal view regarding the humanist perspective on education and adds a complementary dimension (ensuring its extension and depth, at the same time!), namely the value of COURAGE. It seems to reflect a defining paradigm for the entire evolution and activity of the MAN who wrote it, a sort of life lesson that we, teachers, should constantly hand down, reflect on how to achieve it, but especially how to live it in order to have it successfully enculturated.

Brief Report: Parent and teacher ratings of empathizing and systemizing in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Jason J. Barr, JoAnne Cascia
Rider University, 2083 Lawrenceville Road, Lawrenceville, NJ, 08648
Kean University, 1000 Morris Avenue, Union, NJ, 07083
This study explored intra-individual differences between parent and teacher reports of empathizing and systemizing in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Systemizing is a drive to understand rule-based systems. Empathizing is a drive to appropriately respond to others. Individuals with ASD are stronger systemizers than empathizers, however, previous research has compared typically developing individuals to individuals with ASD. A survey study with a purposive sample was used.
Thirty-one parents and teacher with children with ASD completed the Children’s Empathy/Systemizing Quotient. Parents rated their children higher in empathizing than systemizing whereas teachers rated empathizing and systemizing similarly. Parent and teacher reports of empathizing were positively correlated but systemizing was not. This has implications for the assessment of empathy and systemizing within an ASD population.
Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder; social behavior; empathy; systemizing


Professional ethics and its relationship with emotional intelligence and effective teaching: A case of Saudi Arabia
Mogbel Aid K Alenizi
Northern Border University, Rafha Male Campus, PO Box No.: 76312, Saudi Arabia
Emotional intelligence means the capacity of an individual to deal with various emotional situations and make effective decisions in a given context. The purpose of this study is to assess the understanding of teachers’ emotional wellness to deal with unexpected or common educational contexts where they are expected to use their own judgements which should comply with their professional ethics which would yield better job satisfaction and make their teaching experience a fruitful one. In the present study 360 male and female teachers, teaching at various universities in different provinces of Saudi Arabia had been identified for the study. The standard and validated scales were used to descriptive as well as inferential statistics. The correlation analysis revealed that there were significant and positive relations between professional ethics and emotional intelligence.
Keywords: emotional intelligence; professional ethics; education; effective teaching

Perception of university responsibility and global citizenship identification
Natalia Assis, Stephen Reysen, Shonda Gibson, LaVelle Hendricks
Texas A&M University-Commerce, 2200 Campbell St, Commerce, TX 75428
Texas A&M University System, 301 Tarrow St, College Station, TX 77840
As students are often connected to a university for a number of years, the perception that the university is organizationally responsible may influence their own identity. In the present study we examined the influence of students’ perception of the university’s organizational responsibility on antecedents and outcomes of global citizenship identification. As part of a larger survey regarding experiences while attending the university, participants also completed a measure of their perception of the university as environmentally and socially responsible, as well as measures tapping into the antecedents (i.e., normative environment, global awareness) and outcomes (e.g., intergroup empathy, social justice) of global citizenship identification. Together, the results highlight students’ perceptions of the university as important for their degree of global citizenship identification and their endorsed values.
Keywords: corporate social responsibility, higher education, global citizen, identity, identification

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in treating persons with learning disabilities
Zafer Bekirogullari
Bahcesehir Cyprus University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Guidance and Counselling Psychology Department, Betrettin Demirel Caddesi 155, Nicosia, Cyprus
Based on the recent research, Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has extensively popularised particularly in the last three decades. As a standard therapeutic approach, CBT has been widely applied in solving numerous mental related problems. As will be seeing later in the paper, majority of persons with learning disabilities are the ageing population and this population is on the rise. This implies that that the evidence base of their mental problems requires intensive care, therefore, the world countries ought to ensure that there is a comprehensive range of psychotherapies who would cater for the increasing population of persons suffering with learning disabilities.
Cognitive Behavioural therapy (CBT) is contemporary an accepted and effective method of treating people with learning disabilities, this is evidenced by the reducing numbers of persons suffering from learning disability illnesses. However, as the paper shows, there is an immediate need to support the education practices as well as developments contributing to the emotional requirements of persons with learning disabilities.
Keywords: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy; Anger; Emotions; Psychotherapy; Clients

Attachment disorders and personality disorders. Hypotheses and certainties
Steliana Lefter
Petroleum Gas University, Faculty of Letters and Sciences, Deprtament of Educational Sciences, Bdul București, no. 39, Ploiești, 100680, Romania
Hyperion University, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Calea Călărașilor, no. 169 Bucharest, 030615, Romania
The continuity of normalcy-pathology-uniqueness is represented by the Self of each of us. The integration or disintegration of Self pertains both to the system of significant relationships in which a person engages throughout their development, as well as to the way these relational experiences are perceived by their own inwardness. „The Self structures itself in ontogenesis by introjecting the imagoes of others, in the sense in which Bowlby’s theory of attachment analysed the formation of the ” (Lăzărescu, M., Nireștean, A., 2007, p. 197). The universe of personality pathology provides space for the unfolding of the uniqueness of each more or less integrated Self. This study shows how the Self in different attachment styles relates with various pathological manifestations of personality.
Keywords: personality disorders; attachment; unhealthy spectra; integration of self

Comparison of models of burnout dimensions relationship between students and employees in Indonesia
Dorothea Wahyu Ariani
Dept. of Management of Economics Faculty - Maranatha Christian University Jalan Prof. Drg. Surya Sumantri no. 65, Bandung 40164 Indonesia
Some previous researchers have tested the relationship model between the three dimensions of burnout. The results of their study are still diverse, about which dimensions first occur when individuals experience burnout. Research settings are suspected to be the cause of these differences. This study aims to test the relationship model between the three dimensions of burnout, namely emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Four relationship models were examined in this study. This study used two sample groups with different characteristics, that is 365 students and 444 employees. This research used survey method by using questionnaire with non-probabilistic sampling method. By using the structural equation modeling technique with AMOS software, it was indicated that emotional exhaustion was the first dimension experienced by individuals when burnout.
The results of this study also indicated a difference in the relationship model between students and employees. In addition, by using an independent sample t-test, it was indicated that there was a difference between students and employees in the emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment dimension. Discussion of the results of this study is described in depth in this article.
Keywords: emotional exhaustion; depersonalization; personal accomplishment; employee; student

The examination of emotional intelligence, sense of community, perception of social values in gifted and talented students
Adnan Özbey, Hakan Sarıçam, F. Firdevs Adam Karduz
Dr. Freelance Researcher, Balıkesir, Turkey
Asst.Prof.Dr. Dumlupınar University, Faculty of Education, 43100, Kütahya, Turkey
PhD Candidate Sakarya University, Institute of Education Sciences, 54800, Sakarya, Turkey
The main purpose of this study is to compare the levels of emotional intelligence, perception of social values, and sense of community of gifted/talented students and their normal peers. The sample of research was consisted 122 gifted/talented students and 246 normal students who were selected by appropriate  sampling in total 368 middle school and high school students in İzmir. The Revised Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale, Perception of Social Value Scale, and Sense of Community Scale were used in the study. As a result of the research, gifted/talented students had a higher level of emotional intelligence, sense of community and perception of social values than their normal peers. Pearson correlation analysis showed that positive correlations between emotional intelligence, sense of community, and perception of social values in gifted/talented students. In MANCOVA, giftedness was not enough to explain variation of sense of community and perception of social values.
Keywords: gifted; talented; emotional intelligence; sense of community; social values

The analysis of the creativity styles used by a group of Computer Science students
Beatrice Adriana Balgiu
University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, România,
The study investigates the creativity styles used by a group of Computer Science students (N = 158; Mage = 20,99; 51 females) and examines the existence of a pattern of relations between creativity styles and self-evaluated creativity. The scale for Self-Perceived Creative Capacity (SPCC), the Creativity Styles Questionnaire (CSQ) for creation methods and a creative thinking test (UNU) have been used. The results show the students who consider themselves more creative report a certain creativity style such as (a) the use of techniques, (b) the use of unconscious processes, (c) the control of the environment and (d) the use of senses. The reliability values of the SPCC and the Creativity Styes Questionnaire subscales were similar to the reported in previous studies.
Keywords: creativity styles; students; Computer Science

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